1. Alfa-Lactalbumin
2.Beta-Lactoglobulin
3. Lactoperoxidase (LP)
4.Immunoglobulin G (IgG)
5. Lactoferrin (LF)


Gịnị bụ protein

A na-ahụta protein n’ahụ niile — n’ọkpụkpụ anụ ahụ, n’ọkpụkpụ ya, anụahụ, ntutu, na n’ihe niile dị n’ahụ. Ọ bụ enzyme nke na-ike ọtụtụ mmeghachi nke kemịkal na haemoglobin nke na-eburu oxygen na ọbara gị. Ọbụlagodi ihe nchekwa 10,000 dị iche iche na-eme ka ị bụrụ ihe ị na-echekwa.

Protein na-enye ume ma na-akwado ọnọdụ gị na ọrụ ọgụgụ isi. Ọ bụ nri dị mkpa achọrọ maka iwu, imezi, na idozi anụ ahụ, akụrụngwa, na akụkụ ahụ niile.

Gịnị Bụ owzọ A Na-ahụ Maka Nri?

A na-enweta protin n'ụdị protein n'ime nri anụmanụ ma ọ bụ ihe ọkụkụ, dị ka mmiri ara ehi, àkwá, osikapa ma ọ bụ peas. A na-enweta ọtụtụ protein n'ime protein dị iche iche ma dị n'ọtụtụ usoro. Ndị mmadụ na - eji ha eme ka oke akwara dịkwuo elu, kwalite akụrụngwa niile ma nyere aka gboo mkpa protein ha.

Ma Typedị powderdị protein protein ọ̀ dị mma?

Enwere ọtụtụ ụdị ụdị ntụ ntụ protein dị na ya, ọ nwere ike ịkarị oke mgbe ụfọdụ. N'okpuru ebe a bụ ụzọ 5 kachasị mma isi mee ka protein protein dị mma.

1.Alpha-LactalbuminPhcoker

Alfa-lactalbumin bu protein eke whey nwere ihe ndi ozo di elu na amino acid (BCAA) di nkpa. Ihe amino acids kacha ukwuu dị na alfa-lactalbumin bụ tryptophan na cysteine, yana BCAAs; leucine, isoleucine na valine.

N'ihi ọdịnaya dị elu nke amino asịd (BCAA, ~ 26%), karịsịa leucine, alpha-lactalbumin na-akwado ma na-akpali njikọta protein protein, na-eme ka ọ bụrụ ezigbo protein maka imeziwanye ahụ ike ma na-enyere aka igbochi sarcopenia n'oge ịka nká.

2.Beta-LactoglobulinPhcoker

Beta-Lactoglobulin (ß-lactoglobulin, BLG) bụ isi protein protein whey na mmiri ara ehi ma na-anọkwa na mmiri ara ehi nke anụmanụ ndị ọzọ, mana ahụghị ya n'ime mmiri ara ehi. Beta-lactoglobulin bụ protein nke a na-akpọ lipocalin, ma nwee ike jikọta ọtụtụ ụmụ irighiri mmiri hydrophobic, na-atụ aro ọrụ dị na mbupu ha. A gosipụtakwaara la-lactoglobulin ka ọ nwee ike kegide ígwè site n'akụkụ ụzọ ma sikwa otú ahụ nwee ike rụọ ọrụ na mbuso nje. β-Lactoglobulin nwere ụdị ọrụ dị iche iche na arụ ọrụ nri mere ka protein a bụrụ ihe bara ụba maka ọtụtụ nri na ngwa kemịkalị.

3.Lactoperoxidase (LP)Phcoker

Lactoperoxidase bụ enzyme eke ahọrọ nke a na-ahụ n’ime mmiri ara nke ọtụtụ anụmanụ, yana mmiri ndị ọzọ dịka anya mmiri na mmiri. Ọ na - arụ ọrụ dị ka ihe na - eme ka ọ bụrụ ihe na - eme ka ọ bụrụ ihe na - eme ka ọ bụrụ ihe na - eme ka ọ bụrụ ihe na - eme ka ọ bụrụ ihe na - eme ka ọ bụrụ ihe na - eme ka ọ bụrụ ihe na - eme ihe. Acid a na - ekewa n’ime mmiri ara ehi na ion hypothiocyanate na - emeghachi na ìgwè suphydryl iji mee ka enzymes metabolic ahụ ghara ịdị. Nke a na - egbochi nje bacteria ịmụba yana nwere ike ịgbatị mma nke mmiri ara ehi dị mma.

Lactoperoxidase mara na nwere antimicrobial na antioxidant Njirimara. Dabere na nyocha nke edepụtara na Journal of Applied Microbiology, ọ nwere ihe ndị na-egbochi nje bacteria na-enyere aka akpụkpọ ahụ ma nwee ike iwepụ nje na-akpata mbufụt. Lactoperoxidase bụkwa ihe dị mkpa na ngwakọta eji eme ihe iji gbochie yeasts, fungi, nje na nje na-eto eto ịchọ mma na ngwaahịa ndị ọzọ mara mma.

Lactoperoxidase bụ glycoprotein nwere ọrụ mgbochi microbial, a na-eji ya dị ka ihe na-eme ka ọ kwụsie ike iji nyere aka melite nkwụsi ike na ndụ ngwaahịa.

4.Immunoglobulin G (IgG)Phcoker

Immunoglobulin G (IgG) bu oria zuru oke n’ime ọbara (plasma), na-aza 70-75% nke immunoglobulins mmadụ (ọgwụ mgbochi). IgG weputara ihe ndi na - emebi ihe ma di nkpa ichota ihe mgbochi umu ogwu agha site na leukocytes na macrophages. IgG na-ebufere nwa ebu n’afọ site na Plasenta ma na-echekwa nwa ọhụrụ ruo mgbe usoro mgbochi ya ji arụ ọrụ.

Immunoglobulin nwere ike kegide microorganisms na toxins iji mepụta ọgwụ mgbochi, nke nwere ike melite ọgụ nke usoro okenye.

5.Lactoferrin(LF)Phcoker

Lactoferrin bụ protein a na-ahụkarị na mmiri ara ehi sitere n'aka mmadụ na ehi. A na - ahụta ya n'ọtụtụ mmiri ndị ọzọ dị na ahụ dịka mmiri, mmiri, imi, na bile. A na-ahụ Lactoferrin n'ụdị kachasị na colostrum, ụdị ụdị mmiri ara ara mbụ na-emepụta mgbe amuchara nwa. Ihe ndị kacha mkpa nke Lactoferrin dị na ahụ gụnyere ijikọ ma na-ebugharị ígwè. Ọ na - enyere aka ịlụ ọgụ ọrịa.

Lactoferrin odi nkpa ka mmụba nke ihe eji alụso ọrịa ọgụ maka ụmụaka a na-a breastụ ara. Ọ na - enye ụmụ ọhụrụ ụmụ nje ihe na - egbochi nje na - egbochi ọrịa. LF bụ ihe mejupụtara usoro ahụ ji alụso ọrịa ọgụ na-ahụ maka ịgbachitere n'ọkwa mucosal, n'ihi oke ọrụ mgbochi ya.

A mụọla latoferrin na lactoferrin. Peoplefọdụ ndị na-a supụ ọgwụ lactoferrin iji nweta abamuru antioxidant na mgbochi mkpali.

N'ime ọrụ ugbo, ụlọ ọrụ lactoferrin na-eji egbu egbu nje n'oge a na-ahapụrụ anụ.

Ntughari:

  1. Layman D, Lönnerdal B, Fernstrom J. Ngwa maka α-lactalbumin na nri mmadụ. Nutr Rev 2018; 76 (6): 444-460.
  2. Markus C, Olivier B, Panhuysen G, et al. Mkpụrụ bovine protein alfa-lactalbumin na-abawanye uru plasma nke tryptophan na amino acid ndị ọzọ na-anọpụ iche, na isiokwu ndị na-adịghị ike na-akpali ọrụ serotonin ụbụrụ, na-ebelata ịta ahụhụ cortisol, ma na-eme ka ọnọdụ dị mma n'okpuru nrụgide. Am J Clin Nutr 2000; 71 (6): 1536-1544.
  3. Mmekọrịta nke beta-lactoglobulin na retinol na abụba na oke ya na ọrụ ya dị ka ọrụ ndu maka protein a: nyocha.Pérez MD et al. J Dairy Sci. (1995)
  4. Nkpughepu nke beta-lactoglobulin n’elu ihe ngwurugwu polystyrene: nnwale na mmekorita .Miriani M et al. Ndi na-edozi. (2014)
  5. Mgbanwe nke ulo na bovine beta-lactoglobulin emulsion na-emetụta ihe nchekwa ya na immunoreactivity.Marengo M et al. Biochim Biophys Acta. (2016)
  6. Ihe omume antimicrobial nke oxidases dual na lactoperoxidase.Sarr D et al. J Microbiol. (2018) Lactoperoxidase anwụghị anwụ na ọlaọcha nanoparticles na-eme ka ọrụ antimicrobial ya dịkwuo elu.Sheikh IA et al. J Dairy Res. (2018)
  7. Lactoperoxidase, ihe nchekwa mmiri ọgwụ antimicrobial, dị ka onye na - eme ike nke Carcinogenic Heterocyclic Amines na cancer Cancer.Sheikh IA et al. Anticancer Res. (2017)
  8. Ihe Ngosiputa Banyere Lactoperoxidase na Oral Health: Ngwa na oru oma na ngwaahịa Hygiene. Magacz M, Kędziora K, Sapa J, Krzyściak W. Int J Mol Sci. 2019 Mar 21
  9. Lactoferrin nwere immunocomplex na-agbaghazi ọgwụ antitumor site na ịtọgharị macrophages tumor na M1 phenotype.Dong H, Yang Y, Gao C, Sun H, Wang H, Hong C, Wang J, Gong F, Gao XJ Immunother Cancer. 2020 Mar
  10. A peptide sitere na peptide sitere na peptide na-akpata osteogenesis site na nhazi nke ịgbatị osteoblast na ọdịiche.Shi P, Fan F, Chen H, Xu Z, Cheng S, Lu W, Du MJ Dairy Sci. 2020 Mar 17
  11. Ngwongwo mgbochi nke Lactoferrin: Nchekwa, Nhọrọ, na Oke nke Action.Cutone A, Rosa L, Ianiro G, Lepanto MS, Bonaccorsi di Patti MC, Valenti P, Musci G.Biomolecules. 2020 Mar 15
  12. Ọnwụnwa nke ọgwụgwọ ọrịa nke Lactoferrin dị n'ime ụmụ amụrụ ọhụrụ: Mmetụta ọ na-efe efe na ọfụma na Gut Microbiome.Embleton ND, Berrington JE.Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser. 2020 Mar 11